Nanostructured hybrid materials nowadays are prospective for utilizing them as an active media in novel photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells and light-emitting diodes. An implementing of lead sulfide quantum dots (PbS QDs) and lead-based perovskite films and nanocrystals (NCs) for future photonic devices with a focus on their optical properties will be discussed.
While designing the nanostructured complex materials one of the main points that should be concerned is the interaction of the material compounds which can result, for instance, in the desired increase of the charge transfer efficiency or in the uncontrollable quenching of luminophore emission. The enhancement of the optical properties, such as absorbance and emission of nanoparticles, is achieved by the fabrication of hybrid material with plasmonic nanoparticles. In particular, I will discuss strong enhancement of near‐infrared emission of PbS QDs induced by Cu2−xSe semiconductor plasmonic NCs both embedded into nanoporous silicate matrix which comes from resonant interaction of QD optical transition dipole with the near field of plasmons of semiconductor plasmonic NCs. Photocurrent and fill‐factor enhancements in meso‐superstructured perovskite solar cells with resonant silicon NPs resulted in increased light absorption will be also discussed. Another important issue in implementing of the nanostructured materials is the stability of their morphology and optical responses while operating at ambient conditions. Here, the optical properties of highly luminescent colloidal perovskite NCs (CsPbX3, where X=Cl/Br, Br, I) embedded in porous glass or opal matrices will be discussed. The use of a nanoporous glass or opal matrices allow obtaining the samples with blue, green, and red perovskite NCs and their mixtures possessing reproducible optical characteristics that are almost similar to that of colloidal solution. Such matrices also prevent the fast degradation of nanocrystals both at the storage in ambient and under UV-light exposure/increasing of the humidity.
Prof. Elena V. Ushakova is currently a Visiting Associate Professor at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering in City University of Hong Kong. She received her PhD in optics at ITMO University in 2013. After that, she became an Assistant Professor and a Senior Researcher in Prof. Baranov’s group at ITMO University. She has received several personal grants and awards, including the “St. Petersburg Government Grant for young scientists” and the “Grant of the Russian President for young scientists” (2017-2018). Her research interests are focused on the optical properties of colloidal semiconductor quantum dots, metal nanoparticles, perovskite nanocrystals, carbon dots and self-assembled nanostructured materials with optical transitions in the visible and near infrared region.
Instructors/Speakers Prof. Elena V. USHAKOVA
Associate Professor Department of Materials Science and Engineering City University of Hong Kong