Hongcai ZHANG張洪財
Assistant Professor
Please visit my FST personal webpage for updated information:

Academic Qualifications | Professional Experience | Teaching | Award and Honor | Patent | Research | Publications | Services | Contact Details

Academic Qualification

  • PhD in Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China, Aug. 2013 – Jan. 2018
  • Visiting Student Researcher in Civil Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, Jan. 2016 – Jan. 2017
  • B.E. in Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China, Aug. 2009 – Jul. 2013

Professional Experience

  • Assistant Professor, University of Macau, Macau, China, Apr. 2019 – present
  • Research Affiliate, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA, May 2018 -Mar. 2019
  • Postdoctoral Scholar, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, Mar. 2018 – Mar. 2019


  • ECEN8001 Advanced Topics in Electrical and Computer Engineering (Convex Optimization and its Application in Energy Systems)
  • ECEN4003 Special Topic in Electrical and Computer Engineering – Energy Data Analytics (Machine Learning in Energy Systems)

Award and Honor

  • Top 1% reviewers in Engineering” and “Top 1% reviewers in Cross-Field“, Clarivate Analytics Publons, 2019
  • Excellence in reviewing, Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 2018
  • Zijing Scholar, Tsinghua University, 2018
  • China National Scholarship, Chinese Government, 2016
  • Government Funded Overseas Study Scholarship, China Scholarship Council, 2015
  • Outstanding Graduates, Tsinghua University, 2013
  • China National Encouragement Scholarship, Chinese Government, 2013


  1. Z. Hu, H. Zhang, and Y. Song, “An electric vehicle charger,” Chinese Patent, No. 2015104091818.
  2. C. Fu, F. Yang, Y. Zhang, W. Zhao, M. Luo, Z. Xu, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, “A coordinated controlling strategy for large scale electric vehicles,” Chinese Patent, No. 201410480003X.


Research Interests

  • Internet of Things for Smart Energy
  • Learning, optimization, incentive mechanism design for smart energy systems
  • Interface of smart power grid and intelligent transportation systems
  • Operation and optimization of electrified and autonomous transportation systems

Research Projects

  • Principal Investigator, “Strategic operation and optimization of integrated energy systems in smart city,” the Science and Technology Development Fund (FDCT), Macao, China, MOP1,165,000, 2020-2022.
  • Principal Investigator, Operation and optimization of autonomous electric taxi fleet, Guangdong Science and Technology Department, RMB100,000, 2019-2021
  • Research Assistant, Systems and Modeling for Accelerated Research in Transportation, United States Department of Energy, 2017-2019
  • Research Assistant, EV Integration in Coupled Transportation & Power Systems, Electric Vehicle Service Corporation of China, 2017-2018
  • Research Assistant, EV-grid Integration (National High-tech R&D Program, 2012AA050211), China Ministry of Science and Technology, 2013-2015
  • Research Assistant, Vehicle-to-Grid Technology (National High-tech R&D Program, 2011AA05A110), China Ministry of Science and Technology, 2012-2015



  1. Z. Hu, Y. Song, and H. Zhang, “Electric vehicle and vehicle-to-grid technology,” Energy Internet, edited by H. Sun, China Science Publishing, Beijing, 2020. (in Chinese)
  2. Z. Hu, J. He, and H. Zhang, “Energy Internet and Plug-in Electric Vehicles,” Development of Energy Internet, Edited by R. Zeng et. al., Tsinghua University Press, 2017.

Journal papers

  1. Y. Zhao, Y. Guo, Q. Guo, H. Zhang and H. Sun, “Deployment of the Electric Vehicle Charging Station Considering Existing Competitors,” to appear in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2020. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2020.2991232
  2. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, and Y. Song, “Power and Transport Nexus: Routing PEVs to Promote Renewable Generation Integration,” to appear in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2020. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2020.2967082
  3. H. Zhang, C. J. R. Sheppard, T. E. Lipman, and S. J. Moura, “Joint Fleet Sizing and Charging System Planning for Autonomous Electric Vehicles,” to appear in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2019.2946152
  4. J. Li, J. Lin, H. Zhang, Y. Song, G. Chen, and L. Ding, “Optimal Investment of Electrolyzers and Seasonal Storages in Hydrogen Supply Chains Incorporated with Renewable Electric Networks,” to appear in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2019.2940604
  5. T. Ahmad, C. Huanxin, D. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Smart energy forecasting strategy with four machine learning models for climate-sensitive and non-climate sensitive conditions,” Energy, vol. 198, p. 117283, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2020.117283
  6. T. Zeng, H. Zhang, and S. J. Moura, “Solving Overstay and Stochasticity in PEV Charging Station Planning with Real Data,” in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 3504-3514, May 2020. DOI: 10.1109/TII.2019.2955997
  7. T. Ahmad, H. Zhang, B. Yan, “A review on renewable energy and electricity requirement forecasting models for smart grid and buildings,” Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 55, no. April 2019, p. 102052, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102052
  8. H. Zhang, C. J. R. Sheppard, T. E. Lipman, T. Zeng, and S. J. Moura, “Charging Infrastructure Demands of Shared-Use Autonomous Electric Vehicles in Urban Areas,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 78, p. 102210, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2019.102210
  9. Z. Lin, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, and Y. Song, “Optimal ESS allocation in distribution network using accelerated generalized Benders decomposition,” IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 13, no. 13, pp. 2738-2746, 2019. DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.5863
  10. H. Luo, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Coordinated Active Power Control Strategy for Deloaded Wind Turbines to Improve Regulation Performance in AGC,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 98-108, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2867232
  11. B. Zhao, Z. Hu, Q. Zhou, H. Zhang, and Y. Song, “Optimal transmission switching to eliminate voltage violations during light-load periods using decomposition approach,” Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.297-308, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s40565-018-0422-4
  12. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, E. Munsing, S. J. Moura, and Y. Song, “Data-driven Chance-constrained Regulation Capacity Offering for Distributed Energy Resources,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 2713-2725, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2018.2809046
  13. H. Chen, Z. Hu, H. Luo, J. Qin, R. Rajagopal, and H. Zhang, “Design and Planning of a Multiple-charger Multiple-port Charging System for PEV Charging Station,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 173-183, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2017.2735636
  14. X. Chen, H. Zhang, Z. Xu, C. P. Nielsen, M. B. McElroy, and J. Lv, “Impacts of Fleet Types and Charging Modes for Electric Vehicles on Emissions under Different Penetrations of Wind Power,” Nature Energy, vol. 3, pp. 413-421, 2018. DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0133-0 (equal contribution)
  15. H. Zhang, S. J. Moura, Z. Hu, W. Qi, and Y. Song, “Joint PEV Charging Network and Distributed PV Generation Planning Based on Accelerated Generalized Benders Decomposition,” IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 789-803, 2018. DOI: 10.1109/TTE.2018.2847244
  16. H. Chen, Z. Hu, H. Zhang and H. Luo, “Coordinated Charging and Discharging Strategies for Plug-in Electric Bus Fast Charging Station with Energy Storage System.” IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 2019-2028, 2018. DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.0636
  17. H. Zhang, S. J. Moura, Z. Hu, W. Qi, and Y. Song, “A Second Order Cone Programming Model for Planning PEV Fast-Charging Stations,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 2763-2777, 2018. DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2754940
  18. H. Zhang, S. J. Moura, Z. Hu, and Y. Song, “PEV Fast-Charging Station Siting and Sizing on Coupled Transportation and Power Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2595-2605, 2018. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2016.2614939
  19. W. Qi, B. Shen, H. Zhang, and Z. M. Shen, “Sharing Demand-Side Energy Resources – A Conceptual Design,” Energy, vol. 135, pp. 455-465, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.06.144
  20. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, Z. Xu, and Y. Song, “Optimal Planning of PEV Charging Station with Single Output Multiple Cables Charging Spots,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 2119-2128, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2016.2517026
  21. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, Z. Xu, and Y. Song, “Evaluation of Achievable Vehicle-to-Grid Capacity Using Aggregate PEV Model,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 784-794, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2561296
  22. Z. Hu, K. Zhan, H. Zhang, and Y. Song, “Pricing Mechanisms Design for Guiding Electric Vehicle Charging to Fill Load Valley,” Applied Energy, vol. 178, pp. 155-163, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.06.025
  23. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, Z. Xu, and Y. Song, “An Integrated Planning Framework for Different Types of PEV Charging Facilities in Urban Area,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 2273-2284, 2016. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2015.2436069
  24. Z. Xu, W. Su, Z. Hu, Y. Song, H. Zhang, “A Hierarchical Framework for Coordinated Charging of Plug-in Electric Vehicles in China,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 428-438, 2016. DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2014.2387436
  25. K. Zhan, Z. Hu, Y. Song, Z. Xu, L. Jia, H. Zhang, “A Coordinated Charging Strategy for Electric Vehicle Three-phase Load Balance,” Automation of Electric Power Systems, vol. 39, no. 17, pp. 201-207, 2015. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20150402012 (in Chinese)
  26. Y. Guo, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, W. Su, K. Zhan, Z. Xu, “A Statistical Method to Evaluate the Capability of Residential Distribution Network for Accommodating Electric Vehicle Charging Load,” Power System Technology, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 2458-246, 2015. DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2015.09.013 (in Chinese)
  27. Z. Hu, K. Zhan, Z. Xu, D. Xiang, H. Zhang, “Analysis and Outlook on the Key Problems of Electric Vehicle and Power Grid Interaction,” Electric Power Construction, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 6-13, 2015. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7229.2015.07.001 (in Chinese)
  28. H. Luo, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, “Effect Analysis of Ambient Temperature on Electric Vehicle Charging Load,” Electric Power Construction, vol. 36, no. 7, pp.69-74, 2015. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7229.2015.07.009 (in Chinese)
  29. Y. Zhang, W. Zhao, Y. Xiao, G. Lin, X. Chen, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, Z. Xu, “A Hierarchical Architecture Based Simulation Platform for Coordinated Charging of Large-Scale Electric Vehicles,” Power System Technology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 55-62, 2015. DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2015.01.009 (in Chinese)
  30. Z. Xu, Z. Hu, Y. Song, H. Zhang, X. Chen, “Coordinated Charging Strategy for PEV Charging Stations Based on Dynamic Time-of-use Tariffs,” Proceedings of the CSEE, vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 3638-3646, 2014. DOI: 10.13334/j.0258-8013.pcsee.2014.22.008 (in Chinese)
  31. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, Y. Song, Z. Xu, L. Jia, “A Prediction Method for Electric Vehicle Charging Load Considering Spatial and Temporal Distribution,” Automation and Electric Power Systems, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 13-20, 2014. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20130613009 (in Chinese)

Conference papers

  1. Z. Zhou, S. Moura, H. Zhang, X. Zhang, Q. Guo, H. Sun, “A Game-Theoretic Approach to Analyzing Equilibria in Coupled Power and Transportation Networks,” IEEE PES General Meeting 2019, Atlanta, GA, 2019, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM40551.2019.8974036
  2. H. Zhang, S. J. Moura, Z. Hu, W. Qi, and Y. Song, “Joint PEV Charging Station and Distributed PV Generation Planning,” IEEE PES General Meeting 2017, Chicago, IL, 2017, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274111
  3. H. Zhang, W. Qi, Z. Hu, and Y. Song, “Planning Hydrogen Refueling Stations with Coordinated On-Site Electrolytic Production,” IEEE PES General Meeting 2017, Chicago, IL, 2017, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274203
  4. S. Bae, H. Zhang, D. Wang, C. Sheppard, and S. Saxena, “Optimal Bidding Strategy for V2G Regulation Services under Uncertainty,” IEEE PES General Meeting 2017, Chicago, IL, 2017, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274706
  5. H. Zhang, Z. Hu, S. J. Moura, Y. Song, “Coordination of V2G and Distributed Wind Power Using the Storage-like Aggregate PEV Model,” 2016 IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT), Minneapolis, MN, 2016, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/ISGT.2016.7781246
  6. H. Zhang, W. Tang, Z. Hu, Y. Song, Z. Xu, L. Wang, “A Method for Forecasting the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of PEV Charging Load,” 2014 IEEE PES General Meeting – Conference & Exposition, National Harbor, MD, 2014, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM.2014.6939167


Journal Editor

  • Associate Editor of IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2019 to present.
  • Guest editor, IET Smart Grid, Special issue on “Achieving an Integrated Smart Power Grid and Intelligent Transportation System,” 2019.

Conference Organization

  • Track Chair (Renewable & Sustainable Energy), the 11th IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference 2019 (APPEEC), Macao, China, Dec. 2019.
  • Local Management Chair, IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference 2019 (APPEEC), Macao, China, Dec. 2019.
  • Conference Paper Session Chair, Economics and Investments Models for the Smart Grid I, IEEE PES ISGT2016, Minneapolis, USA, Sep. 2016.

Journal Reviewer (20+ journals)

  • IEEE (10): IEEE Transactions on Power Systems; IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid; IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy; IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology; IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion; IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics; IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics; IEEE Access; IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification; IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.
  • IET (3): IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution; IET Renewable Power Generation; IET Smart Grid.
  • Elsevier (7): European Journal of Operational Research; Energy; Resources, Conservation and Recycling; Transport Policy; Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review; Applied Mathematical Modelling; Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews.
  • Springer (2): Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems; Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy.
  • CSEE (1): CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems.
  • Wiley (1): International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems.
  • Taylor & Francis Online (1): International Journal of Sustainable Transportation

Professional Affiliations

  • Member of IEEE
  • Member of IET
  • Senior member of China Electrotechnical Society  中國電工技術學會高級會員
  • Member of China Electrotechnical Society Young Scholar Committee  中國電工技術學會青年工作委員會委員
  • Member of Chinese Society for Electrical Engineering  中國電機工程協會會員
  • Member of Guangdong Association of Young Scientists  廣東省青年科學家協會會員

Contact Details

Faculty of Science and Technology
University of Macau, E11
Avenida da Universidade, Taipa,
Macau, China

Room: N21-1005c
Telephone: (853) 8822-9958
Fax: (853) 8822-2426
Email: hczhang
Personal webpage: https://www.fst.um.edu.mo/personal/hczhang/